Archive
2021, Volume 9
2020, Volume 8
2019, Volume 7
2018, Volume 6
2017, Volume 5
2016, Volume 4
2015, Volume 3
2014, Volume 2
2013, Volume 1
Volume 9 , Issue 5 , October 2021 , Pages: 92 - 104
Genetic Variation, Heritability and Genetic Advance Among Semi-Dwarf Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] Recombinant Inbred Lines with Emphasis to Lodging
Getahun Bekana, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holeta Agricultural Research Center, Holeta, Ethiopia
Kebebew Assefa, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holeta Agricultural Research Center, Holeta, Ethiopia; Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
Received: Aug. 21, 2021;       Accepted: Sep. 3, 2021;       Published: Sep. 11, 2021
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajls.20210905.11        View        Downloads  
Abstract
Tef is the foremost cereal crop largely produced and consumed mostly in Ethiopia. It is grown on more than 3.1 million hectares annually. However, it’s productivity relatively low (1.85 t/ha). On the other hand, it gained recently global popularity “Super grain” as healthy and performance food due to its gluten free especially for celiac disease, diabetic and gluten allergy people. It has also high mineral contents like iron for anemia, bone and heart health as well as brain function. Lodging is a major constraint which affect both yields and quality of the grain as well as the straw. This experiment was led to assess genetic variability between the lines relating to lodging and other yield related traits. A total of forty-nine recombinant inbred lines were tested for 16 traits using simple lattice design on two sites. All the traits measured over the sites displayed highly significant differences among the lines except fertile tiller per plant, while their environmental interaction effect also highly significant for most of the traits measured. Grain yield showed the highest phenotypic coefficients of variation (PCV) (26.36%) followed by above ground biomass (23.16%), while the remaining traits showed low (<10%) to moderate (10-20%). Moderate (10-20%) genotypic coefficient of variation was recognized for above ground biomass. Plant height and panicle length showed high broad sense heritability (H2) (>60%), whereas half of the remained traits showed low (<30%) and moderate (30% to 60%) heritability. Genetic advance as percent of the mean (GAM) was the highest for above ground biomass (>17.02%) and least for number of branches per panicle (0.09%). From all the traits evaluated in this study, plant height, panicle length showed high H2 and aboveground biomass performs relatively high values of GCV, PCV and GAM. Therefore, these traits are important for selection and further improvements. This study revealed that four recombinant inbred lines had higher yield and low lodging index than local as well as standard checks.
Keywords
Fertile, Genotypic Coefficient, Interaction, Recombinant, Traits
To cite this article
Getahun Bekana, Kebebew Assefa, Genetic Variation, Heritability and Genetic Advance Among Semi-Dwarf Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] Recombinant Inbred Lines with Emphasis to Lodging, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 9, No. 5, 2021, pp. 92-104. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20210905.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[ 1 ]
Stallknecht, G. F., Gilbertson, K. M. and Eckhoff, J. L., 1993. Teff: Food crop for humans and animals. New crops. Wiley, New York, 5, 231-234.
[ 2 ]
Yu, J. K., Kantety, R. V., Graznak, E., Benscher, D., Tefera, H. and Sorrells, M. E., 2006. A genetic linkage map for tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter]. Theoretical and applied genetics, 113 (6): 1093-1102.
[ 3 ]
Vavilov NI., 1951. The Origin, Variation, Immunity and Breeding of Cultivated Plants. Translated from the Russian by K. Starrchester, New York: The Ronald Press Co.
[ 4 ]
Seyfu Ketema, 1993. Tef (Eragrostis tef): Breeding, Genetic Resources, Agronomy, Utilization and Role in Ethiopian Agriculture. Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[ 5 ]
Habtamu Ayalew, Tsige Genet, Tadesse Dessalegn and Landuber Wondale, 2011. Multivariate diversity, heritability and genetic advance in tef landraces in Ethiopia. African Crop Science Journal, 19 (3): 201-212.
[ 6 ]
Alganesh Tessema, 2013. Genetic Resource of Tef in Ethiopia. Pp. 15-20. In: Kebebew Assefa, Solomon Chanyalew and Zarihun Tadele (eds). Achievements and Prospects of Tef Improvement. Proceedings of the Second International Workshop Debre Zeit 7-9 November 2011, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Switzerland.
[ 7 ]
Seyfu Ketema, 1997. Promoting the Conservation and Use of Underutilized and Neglected Crops, Tef (Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter). Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben/International Plant Genetic Resource Institute, Rome, Italy.
[ 8 ]
CSA, 2020. Central Statistics Agency. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Agricultural Sample Survey 2019/20 (2012 E.C.). Vol. I. Report on Area and Production of Major Crops (Private Peasant Holdings, Meher season). Statistical Bulletin 278, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[ 9 ]
Hailu Tefera and Seyfu Ketema, 2001. Production and importance of tef in Ethiopian Agriculture In: Hailu Tefera, Getachew Belay and Sorrells ME (eds) Workshop Proceedings Addis Ababa: Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization 3-7.
[ 10 ]
Spaenij-Dekking L, Kooy-Winkelaar Y and Koning F., 2005. The Ethiopian Cereal Tef in Celiac Disease. N Engl J Med 353: 1748-1749.
[ 11 ]
USDA, 2015. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release, 27. United States Department of Agriculture.
[ 12 ]
Cheng, A., Mayes, S., Dalle, G., Demissew, S. and Massawe, F., 2017. Diversifying crops for food and nutrition security–a case of tef. Biological Reviews, 92 (1): 188-198.
[ 13 ]
Kebebew Assefa, Yu, J. K., Zeid M., Getachew Belay, Hailu Tefera, and Sorells, ME., 2011. Breeding tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) trotter]: conventional and molecular approaches. Plant Breeding 130: 1-9.
[ 14 ]
Alemu Yami, 2013. Tef Straw. A valuable feed resource to improve animal production and productivity. Pp. 233–251. In: Kebebew Assefa, Solomon Chanyalew and Zarihun Tadele (eds). Achievements and Prospects of Tef Improvement. Proceedings of the Second International Workshop Debre Zeit 7-9 November 2011, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Switzerland.
[ 15 ]
Yifru Tiklu and Hailu Tefera, 2005. Genetic improvement in grain yield potential and associated agronomic traits of tef (Eragrostis tef). Euphytica 141: 247–254.
[ 16 ]
Kebebew Assefa, Gina Cannarozzi, Dejene Girma, Kamies Rizqah, Solomon Chanyalew, Sonia Plaza-Wuthrich, Regula Blosch, Abiel, Rendibascher, Suhaile, Refuaden and Zarihun Tadele, 2015. Genetic diversity in tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter]. Front. Plant Sci. 6: 177.
[ 17 ]
Tadesse Ebba, 1975. Tef (Eragrostis tef) Cultivars: Morphology and Classification. Part II. Debre Zeit Agricultural Experimental Station. Bull. No. 66 Addis Ababa University, College of Agriculture, Ethiopia.
[ 18 ]
Zhu, Q., Smith, S. M., Ayele, M., Yang, L., Jogi, A., Chaluvadi, S. R. and Bennetzen, J. L., 2012, High-throughput discovery of mutations in tef semi-dwarfing genes by next-generation sequencing analysis. Genetics 192: 819-829.
[ 19 ]
Kebebew Assefa and Zarihun Tadele, 2012. Increasing food production in Africa by boosting the productivity of understudied crops. Agronomy, 2 (4): 240-283.
[ 20 ]
Jöst M., Esfeld K., Burian, A., Cannarozzi, G., Solomon, Ch., Kuhlemeier C, Kebebew, A. Zarihun, T., 2015. Semi-dwarfism and lodging tolerance in tef (Eragrostis tef) is linked to a mutation in the α-Tubulin 1 gene. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66: 933–944.
[ 21 ]
Kebebew Assefa, Hailu Tefera, Arnulf Merker, Turineh Kefyalew and Fufa Hundera, 2001a. Variability, heritability and genetic advance in pheno-morphic and agronomic traits of tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] germplasm from eight regions of Ethiopia. Hereditas 134: 103-101 113.
[ 22 ]
Kebebew Assefa, Hailu Tefera, Arnulf Merker, Turineh Kefyalew and Fufa Hundera, 2001b. Quantitative trait diversity in tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] germplasm from Central and Northern Ethiopia. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 48: 53-61.
[ 23 ]
Mesfin Abebe, 2007. Nature and management of acid soils in Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.
[ 24 ]
Esfeld K, Plaza S, Zarihun, T. 2009. Bringing high-throughput techniques to orphan crop of Africa: highlights from tef TIILING project. Journal of Gene Conserve. 8: 803–807.
[ 25 ]
Ermias Desta, Sharief Hussein, Laing, M., Fantahun Mengistu and Zarihun Tadele, 2017. Screening of ethyl methane sulphonate mutagenized tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] population identifies Al-tolerant lines. Journal of Plant Interactions, 12 (1): 170-176.
[ 26 ]
Tareke Berhe, Zewdie Gebretsadik, Edwards, S. and Hailu Araya, 2011. Boosting tef productivity using improved agronomic practices and appropriate fertilizer. Pp. 133-140. In: Kebebew Assefa, Solomon Chanyalew and Zarihun Tadele (eds). Achievements and Prospects of Tef Improvement. Proceedings of the Second International Workshop Debre Zeit 7-9 November 2011, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Switzerland.
[ 27 ]
Likyelesh Gugsa, Sarial, A. K., ˜Lörz, H. and Kumlehn, J., 2006. Gynogenic plant regeneration from un pollinated flower explants of Eragrostis tef (Zuccagni) Trotter. Plant Cell Reports 25: 1287-1293.
[ 28 ]
MoARD, 2020. Ministry of Agriculture, Plant Variety Release, Protection, and Seed Quality Control Directorate, Crop Variety Register No. 33, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[ 29 ]
Solomon Chanyalew, 2009. Genetic analyses of agronomic traits of tef (Eragrostis tef) genotypes. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 6 (6): 912-916.
[ 30 ]
Solomon Chanyalew, Kebebew Assefa and Gizaw Metaferia, 2013. Phenotypic and molecular diversity in tef. Pp. 21-31. In: Kebebew Assefa, Solomon Chanyalew and Zarihun Tadele (eds). Proceedings of the Second International Workshop Debre Zeit 7-9 November 2011; Ethiopia. Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Switzerland.
[ 31 ]
Habte Jifar, Kifle Tesfaye, Kebebew Assefa, Solomon Chanyalew and Zarihun Tadele, 2017. Semi-dwarf tef lines for high seed yield and lodging tolerance in Central Ethiopia. African Crop Science Journal, 25 (4): 419-439.
[ 32 ]
Habte Jifar, Kebebew Assefa and Zarihun Tadele, 2015. Grain yield variation and association of major traits in brown seeded varieties of tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter]. Agri. and Food Security 4: 7-16.
[ 33 ]
Ramburan, S., Zhou, M. and Labuschagne, M. T., 2012. Investigating test site similarity, trait relations and causes of genotype× environment interactions of sugarcane in the Midlands region of South Africa. Field crops research, 129, 71-80.
[ 34 ]
Caldicott, J. B. and Nuttall, A. M., 1979. A method for the assessment of lodging in cereal crops. A. Journal of Natural Institute Agricultural Botany, 15: 88-91.
[ 35 ]
Hartley, H. O., 1950. The maximum F-ratio as a short cut test for heterogeneity of variances. Biometrika 37: 308-312.
[ 36 ]
Gomez, K. A., and A. A. Gomez., 1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd ed., John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, USA.
[ 37 ]
Manly, B. F. J., 1986. Multivariate Statistical Methods: A Primer. Chapman and Hall, London.
[ 38 ]
SAS, 2011. Statistical Analysis System, Version 9.3. SAS Institute Inc. Cary, NC, USA.
[ 39 ]
Falconer, D. S., 1981. Introduction to quantitative genetics (2nd ed.) Long man Inc. New York.
[ 40 ]
Burton, G. W. and Devane, E. H. (1953). Estimation of heritability in tall Festuca (Festuca arundinacea) from replicated clonal material. Journal of Agronomy, 45: 478-481.
[ 41 ]
Kherdade, P. W. Narkhede, M. N. and Raut, S. K., 1985. Genetic variability studies in chick pea. International chick pea Newsletter 12: 12-13.
[ 42 ]
Allard, R. W., 1960. Principles of Plant Breeding. 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA.
[ 43 ]
Robinson H. F., Comstock R. E. and Harvey P. H., 1954. Elements of biometrical genetics. Concept Publishing Company. New Delhi, India. In: Dabholkar, A. R. (1992). Genetic and phenotypic correlation in corn and their implications in selection. Agron. J. 43: 283-287.
[ 44 ]
Johnson, H. W., Robinson, H. F. and Comstock R. E. (1955). Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soybeans. Journal of Agronomy, 47: 314-318.
[ 45 ]
Falconer, D. S., Mackay, T. F. and Frankham, R., 1996. Introduction to quantitative genetics (4th Eds). Trends in Genetics, 12 (7): 280.
[ 46 ]
Kebebew Assefa, Arnulf Marker and Hailu Tefera, 2003b. Inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) analysis of genetic diversity in tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter]. Hereditas 139: 174-183.
[ 47 ]
Abel Debebe, Harijat, S. and Hailu Tefera., 2012. Genetic variability and heritability studies in F4 progenies of tef (Eragrostis tef). Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4 (3): 225-228.
[ 48 ]
Kebebew Assefa, Seyfu Ketema, Fufa Hundera, Hailu Tefera, and Turineh Kefyalew, 2000. Trait diversity, heritability and genetic advance in selected germplasm lines of tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter]. Hereditas, 133 (1): 29-37.
[ 49 ]
Chekole Nigus, Wassu Mohammed, Tebkew Damte, 2016. Genetic variation, correlation and path coefficient analysis in Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] genotypes for yield, yield related traits at Maysiye, Northern Ethiopia. American Journal of Research Communication, 4 (11): 73-102.
Browse journals by subject